Finnish Fibreboard
Global warming and reducing CO2 emissions

Most (55-70%) of the acceleration of the greenhouse effect and global warming is a result of carbon dioxide (CO2). Even according to the most cautious estimates, its volume is growing by 0.5% per year, which means that the CO2 content in the atmosphere will double by 2100.

At least 60% of climate change is a result of CO2 emissions caused by Man. The greatest source of emissions is the use of fossil fuels, which causes about 6 billion tonnes of carbon emissions every year. Just to keep the CO2 content in the atmosphere at present levels would require reductions in emissions of more than 40%. About 85% of the energy we need is produced by fossil fuels.

The CO2 content in the atmosphere can be reduced in two different ways: by reducing emissions or by removing and storing CO2. Wood as a material is unique, as it can do both.

The use of wood reduces emissions significantly

  • The production and processing of wood is very energy-efficient, so the carbon footprint of wood products is small
  • Wood can also often be used as a replacement for steel, aluminium, concrete or plastic, the manufacture of which requires a great deal of energy
  • Each cubic metre of wood that replaces other building materials reduces the emission of CO2 into the atmosphere by an average of 1.1 tonnes.
  • Wood insulates efficiently and is a very energy-efficient building material. Wood is 15 times more efficient than concrete, 400 times more efficient that steel and 1,770 times more efficient that aluminium

Fossil fuels can be replaced with renewable energy Once a wood product is no longer suitable for re-use or recycling, it can be burned for energy. When wood is burned, the amount of CO2 created is no higher than what it previously stored so the burning of wood is carbon neutral.